Table 1. List of abbreviations used witout definition in Yonago Acta medica

Abbreviation Definition
ACTHadrenocorticotrop(h)ic hormone
ADPadenosine 5'-diphosphate
AMPadenosine 5'-monophosphate
ATPadenosine 5'-triphosphate
ATPase adenosine triphosphatase
cAMPcyclic AMP
cDNAcomplementary DNA
DNAdeoxyribonucleic acid
EDTAethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid
EGTAethyene glycol bis(β-aminoethylether)N,N,N',N,-tetraacetic acid
FADflavin adenine dinucleotide
FADH2reduced form of FAD
GDPguanosine 5'-diphosphate
GMPguanosine 5'-monophosphate
GTPguanosine 5'-triphosphate
HEPES4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid
LD50median lethal dose (lethal for 50% of test subjects)
ln, logenatural logarithm
mRNAmessenger RNA
NADnicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide
NAD+oxidized form of NAD
NADHreduced form of NAD
NADPNAD phosphate
NADP+oxidized form of NADP
NADPHreduced form of NADP
PAGEpolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
PCRpolymerase chain reaction
pHnegative log of hydrogen-ion concentration
Pi, PPiinorganic phosphate, inorganic pyrophosphate
pK negative log of dissociation constant
polyApoly(adenylic acid) or polyadenylate
RNAribonucleic acid or ribonucleate
rRNAribosomal RNA
SDstandard deviation
SDSsodium dodecyl sulfate
SEM, SEstandard error of the mean, standard error
tRNAtransfer RNA
UDPuridine 5'-diphosphate
UMPuridine 5'-monophosphate
UTPuridine 5'-triphosphate